Egypt travel Guide

Egypt travel guide


2 minute summary

The sheer enigma of Egypt as a destination is so deeply ingrained in our perceptions of history, culture and civilisation that it’s taken on an almost mythical quality; phenomenal ancient discoveries are still being uncovered today, which seems an impossible amount of marvel for one place to boast. It is the oldest tourist destination on Earth and its pulling power as a land of unparalleled landmarks shows no sign of waning today. Post-revolution, the country is stable and though tourist numbers are down, they are showing remarkably swift signs of recovery.
That the Great Pyramid of Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing, is testament to Egypt’s timelessness. Underpinned by a pervading sense of religion – the fulcrum on which the country’s warm culture and welcoming people balance – sights such as Abu Simbel, the Valley of the Kings, and, not least, the River Nile, Egypt’s intriguing lifeblood, will furrow your brow with wonder and stay with you forever.
Egypt is...

an atmospheric cradle of over 5,000 years of history and culture.

Egypy isn't...

cold. Temperatures in high summer have been known to hit 51 degrees centigrade and it very rarely rains.
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If you'd like to chat about Egypt or need help finding a holiday to suit you we're very happy to help.
Rosy & team.

What we rate & what we don't


RESPONSIBLE TRAVEL’S BEST & WORST

Underrated

Budget trips Family adventure Felucca trips Dolphin watching

Budget trips

You don’t need to go luxe at Luxor or navigate the Nile in style. You can visit Nubian villages or hire a felucca for fun. Because budget trips do not mean compromising on culture. They might mean joining a small group tour at the last minute, or going on an overland trip between Egypt and, say, Jordan. So, forgo the thread count on your Egyptian sheets and see the countless Egyptian wonders instead.

Family adventure

Family trips to Egypt are the antithesis of dragging your kids to the British Museum to see the mummies. They can combine pyramids with PADI courses, Philae Temple with fun on a felucca and the Sphinx with snorkelling – with dolphin watching and dune boarding the icing on the cake. Great value to be had for families in Egypt right now too, with bargains available through our responsible holiday companies.

Felucca trips

What the felucca? You have to love this word, just as you have to love the thing itself – a traditional wooden sailing boat used on the Nile and the Red Sea by for fishing and transport. And now mostly for fun. With growing concerns about cruise boat pollution, feluccas float freely through the flotsam, are often run by small, locally run enterprises, and stop at glorious sites along the river for essential cultural hits.

Dolphin watching

From March-Nov dolphins dance and dive around a horseshoe-shaped reef which is “zoned” to ensure boats don’t disturb them –only the curious come out to inspect the boats. Snorkel with dolphins, sea turtles and a huge variety of creatures here in safe, shallow bays. Check out responsible companies running highly supervised swimming with dolphin trips. Not theme park style, totally animal welfare style.

Rated

Pyramids Red Sea diving Aswan Abu Simbel Temples

Pyramids

They aren’t just rated, they are Egypt. Immense, mystical, ancient, sometimes spooky, other times beautiful, transfixing for some, transformative for others. And yes very touristy, but less so at the moment as visitors numbers have dipped drastically post 2011 Uprising. There are over 100 pyramids across Egypt, but the trio at Giza the medal winners, gold, silver and bronze all glittering as the sunsets.

Red Sea diving

You don’t have to go to Sharm to scuba. Check out the joys of smaller places like Dahab for year round good diving. And shore based too, with the Red Sea dropping to great depths very quickly which makes this a great place for beginners and family diving holidays. It’s no amateur scene under water, however, with over 1,000 species of fish and 150 of coral. Always choose a responsible diving company.

Aswan

Home to the famous Aswan Dam, infamous to the region’s indigenous Nubian people who were displaced only to watch their ancient homelands submerged into history when the dam was built in the 1960s. Their culture and language is re-emerging, however, with Aswan and its stunning environs home to villages, felucca trips and markets a must when you head to this, the Nubian beautiful south.

Abu Simbel Temples

Built by Ramses II, these temples were totally dismantled and rebuilt when the Aswan Dam was built and Lake Nasser flooded. Now carved into the rock face and tunnelled into the hillside, rather than standing alone. People gather here annually on the eves of Oct 22 and Feb 22 to watch the rising sun illuminate just three out of four of their statues leaving the God of Darkness, Ptah, in the shadows.

Overrated

Sharm El Sheikh Straying in the Sinai Giant floating hotels Camel trekking

Sharm El Sheikh

A sterile land of ever-expanding infrastructure, which does nothing for its already very minimal appeal, Sharm El Sheikh is all about all-inclusive resorts and little else. Credit where credit’s due, it does have a fantastic array of dive spots, but so does Dahab, a much less developed spot which we highly recommend as an alternative.

Straying in the Sinai

Since the 2011 Uprising, security measures have become more stringent – camping in the White Desert is a no-go, as is visiting the midst of the Sinai Peninsula (but that’s been a no-go for more than a decade). Holiday companies are aware of this, which is one reason we highly recommend booking your trip through someone with an in depth and up to date knowledge of the region.

Giant floating hotels

As well as the giant ones on the Nile, many of which have dubious environmental records, there are huge liners pulling into Alexandria and Port Said. Peak season is during the cooler months of October to May if you want to avoid the passenger onslaught at major sites. At Responsible Travel we believe that tourism is definitely one area where we do not need a bigger boat.

Camel trekking

Everyone wants to do it, but be aware that many of the camels are mistreated, underfed and overworked. If they look skeletal or listless, then don’t use them. And if you are unhappy with the way they are treated, tell your tour operator. And tourist board, if necessary. They might get the hump – but it’s important they know that bad animal welfare practice isn’t on.

Food, shopping & people


DISCOVER EGYPT LIKE A LOCAL

Eating & drinking in Egypt


Egypt is surprisingly great for vegetarians. Try Kushari , a pasta and lentil based dish with some chilli or garlic oil – it’s so cheap, it’s virtually free.
Fast food city is ful wa Ta’meya , or fava beans and falafel also made out of fava beans, unlike the Lebanese one which is chickpeas.
A ‘stuff you to the gills’ snack is hawawshi, a very flat pie made of minced beef and flat bread.
Seafood lovers, check out Sayadeya. White fish, cooked in a tagine with rice and tomato – it’s sublime.

I knew about the pyramids and temples, but nothing about the indigenous Nubian people. A bit like the Maasai, they have survived discrimination and displacement with pride and dignity.

People & language


The official language is Standard Arabic, although Egyptian Arabic has many different expressions and dialects. A former British colony, English is spoken and understood by many, as is French. In the Upper Nile Valley around Aswan, there are also about 300,000 speakers of Nubian languages, mainly Nobiin, but also Kenuzi-Dongola. Ancient languages that were nearly lost, but are in the process of being revived.
Hello = Assalaam Alykum
Thank you = Shukran
My name is = Ismi
How much does it cost? = Kam el ugrat?
And if you would like to try your hand at Nobiin, Maskagna is the daily greeting.

Gifts & shopping


Check out the Fairtrade Egypt shop in Cairo for local artisan work, from fabric makers to contemporary and classy jewellers.

Khan al-Khalili is the 500-year-old market area of Cairo, but overwhelming. Silk is a great place to start. Check out old traditional silk family run shops, such as Atlas on Sikket al-Badistan.

Getting a book bound in leather is a treat. Also possible in Khan al-Khalili. So, bring a favourite one with you if you like this idea.

Spices from the souks make great gifts. Sold loose by weight, beware of cheap saffron, as it is usually safflower. Find real herbalist shops for the best.

Fast facts



We had been given the tip to have a book bound in leather in the medieval quarter in Khan al-Khalili. So we came prepared and had a photo album done for each of our kids.

How much does it cost?


A loaf of local bread = £0.10

Bottle of water = £0.40 – 0.80

Beer in hotels = £1.50 – 2.50

Falafel sandwich = £0.25 - £0.40

Shwarma sandwich = £1.50

Taxi from Cairo to the pyramids
= £3.50 - £5.50

A brief history of Egypt


Given that Egypt’s history goes back 5000 years and classicists, archaeologists, linguists, anthropologists and many other ‘ists have written doctorates on it, this section of our Egypt travel guide seeks merely to place the pyramids in perspective, the temples in time and the contemporary and ancient culture in context. Because in Egypt, history is overwhelming. And also, in the making.

In short, after the fertile lands around the Nile started to attract farming communities, and an understanding of trade began, Kingdoms started to evolve. They are now divided into three main periods: The Old Kingdom (about 2,700-2,200 BCE), Middle Kingdom (2,050-1,800 BCE), and the New Kingdom (about 1,550-1,100 BCE), all led by various kings, or pharaohs. Thus, a dynastic culture, not dissimilar to the Chinese led the way for millennia.

Read more ▼
Photo credits: [Pyramids and the city: Oisin Mulvihill] [Budget Trips: Keith Yahl] [Family Adventure: Tommy Wong] [Felucca trips: Dennis Jarvis] [Dolphin watching: jtriefenBy: jtriefen] [Pyramids: zolakoma] [Red Sea diving: Richard Peck] [Aswan: neiljsBy: neiljs] [Abu Simbel Temples: Francisco Anzola] [Sharm El Sheikh: Cosimo Padula] [Straying in the Sinai: Annie and Andrew] [Giant floating hotels: zolakoma] [Camel trekking: City of Albuquerque] [Eating & drinking : momo] [Gifts & shopping: Dale Gillard] [How much does it cost?: momo]

Written by: Polly Humphris and Catherine Mack
Egypt budget small group tour

Egypt budget small group tour

Cairo and the Nile Valley with a Red Sea beach extension

From £879 13 days ex flights
Egypt Nile and Red Sea Tours

Egypt Nile and Red Sea Tours

Cairo, Giza, Luxor & Aswan Nile Cruise & Red Sea Holiday

From £680 12 Days ex flights
Budget Egypt tour

Budget Egypt tour

A whirlwind tour of the best Egypt has to offer

From £749 8 Days ex flights
Learn to scuba dive in the Red Sea

Learn to scuba dive in the Red Sea

Learn to dive, safely, in the warm waters of the Red Sea.

From £490 7 Days ex flights
Family culture & adventure holiday to Egypt

Family culture & adventure holiday to Egypt

An Egyptian adventure the whole family will remember

From £1099 12 days ex flights
Best of Egypt and Jordan holiday

Best of Egypt and Jordan holiday

Visit the great Giza Pyramids

From £1413 14 Days ex flights
Cairo short break, Egypt

Cairo short break, Egypt

Cairo, Giza

From £250 5 Days ex flights
Wheelchair accessible Nile cruise, Egypt

Wheelchair accessible Nile cruise, Egypt

Egypt wheelchair accessible Nile Cruise

From £860 8 Days ex flights
Egypt tailor made holidays

Egypt tailor made holidays

An introductory tour for the zealous traveller

From £750 10 days ex flights
Abu Simbel tour, Egypt

Abu Simbel tour, Egypt

Discover the secrets of the ancient Egyptian and pharaohs

From £530 8 Days ex flights
Tailor made holiday to Egypt

Tailor made holiday to Egypt

Ancient, Coptic, Islamic and Modern Egypt civilizations

From £1088 14 days ex flights
Nile felucca cruise in Egypt

Nile felucca cruise in Egypt

Unforgettable stay in Aswan and magical felucca cruise

From £220 4 Days ex flights
Swim with dolphins in Egypt

Swim with dolphins in Egypt

Swimming with wild dolphins in the Red Sea, Egpyt

From £474 8 Days ex flights
Egypt adventure holiday

Egypt adventure holiday

A fabulous introduction to Egypt

From £645 8 Days ex flights
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