Mid-November to April is the dry season, and the easiest to travel in. You won’t have issues with blocked roads from floods, and wildlife will be easier to spot as it will be clustered around the scarce waterholes – particularly in the driest months of January , February and March.
The harmattan wind blows down from the Sahara from November or early December through to March. It can cool temperatures a bit, but be prepared for extreme dryness – bring moisturiser and lip balm (or stock up on local shea butter!), and expect a tickly throat. Contact lens wearers may want to bring glasses or eye drops in case of discomfort, and photographers should prepare for hazy pics, and avoid changing lenses outdoors. On occasions, flights can be cancelled due to poor visibility, particularly in Tamale.
In the wetter centre and south of Ghana, rains usually fall in April, May and June, with a brief respite from July to August. There is then a shorter rainy season in September, October and the first half of November. In the more desert-like north, the rains arrive from March to September. But thanks to the dry earth, when the rain does fall it can cause terrible flooding and blocked roads in the north.
There are a number of festivals and events throughout Ghana, some have fixed dates, such as the Dipo festival (see below). Others happen frequently, such as the Ashanti Akwasidae celebrations. These take place every six weeks, on Sundays. The Ashanti king is present, along with his chiefs, and before meeting with them he takes part in an impressive parade, with drumming, dancing, horns and singing. The king’s Golden Stool also plays a key role – as the festival commemorates the day it was brought down from heaven.