Although the limestone caves in Waitomo are well known for their glow worms they also enable some exciting extreme activities with black water rafting, abseiling and caving just some of the subterranean sports to get your heart pumping. A reasonable level of fitness is required but expert instructions and equipment lets you descend safely into the abyss against cavern ceilings lit by glow worms – totally cosmic.
Whales, seals and dolphins off Kaikoura Peninsula or penguins on Otago Peninsula are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to wildlife watching in New Zealand. This country presents an absolute the treasure trove for anyone vaguely interested in wildlife watching, and if you think birds are boring then head to Hawke’s Bay or Whirinaki Rainforest and put your preconceptions to the test.
The first Maori initiation for many will be the Haka and a visit to New Zealand offers a chance to delve a little deeper into a culture that’s rich in korero purakau (myths and legends). The Waitangi Treaty Grounds in the Bay of Islands, the Maori Arts and Crafts Institute in Te Puia, and staying with a Maori family on the shores of Lake Rotorua will all add more meat to the cultural bones.
New Zealand's fourth largest lake is one of the few in South Island with a natural shoreline and is protected to ensure it's kept that way. Lake Wanaka is surrounded by green foothills dotted with sheep and criss-crossed with tracks. Numerous local vineyards make for an altogether more relaxing alternative to adventure activities with autumn alive with colour and events to celebrate the harvest.
NZ’s southwestern tip features exceptional landscapes with deep grooves and sheer crevasses forming a coastline that's consistently rated amongst the world's most breathtaking. Tracks, such as the 32km Routeburn and the 60km Kepler, incorporate mountain and lakeside scenery with sections taking hikers through rainforest and over wetlands where huts, bunks and campsites provide shelter for weather-worn trampers.
The Bay of Islands is a world within a world where you'll discover tiny, timeless towns and mile upon mile of rolling hillsides swooping down to deserted beaches or tracing a forest trail to a wine estate or waterfront café. Cruises reveal the maritime park from a whole new perspective with ferries, catamarans and smaller, more leisurely, craft enabling travellers to explore on land or dive right in depending on the weather.
This park is considered significant for several reasons, probably the least relevant being as the site where the first European, Abel Tasman, anchored offshore. Although this is NZ's smallest national park it is still a fair size with lesser-walked inland tracks leading through forested valleys to the coast where sheltered coves, golden beaches and views over the Tasman Bay stretch all the way from Marahau to Nelson.
Although organised extreme sports, like bungee jumping, are often unforgettable, there’s just something about New Zealand that inspires a much more organic spirit of adventure. Tramping trails, such as the 82km Heaphy Track, take you through an incredibly varied range of scenery where basic huts and wild swim spots offer all the adrenaline your body needs far, far away from the crazy crowds of Queenstown.
Only Gollum would hunt for tours based around the Lord of the Rings films so do yourself a favour, precious, and save your money for something a tad more authentic. It's pretty easy to see why Kiwi film director Peter Jackson felt his native landscapes resembled Middle Earth so try to experience New Zealand as he once did by visiting Queen Elizabeth Park on the Kapiti Coast, without the merch shops and the gimmicks.
Dolphins can be seen all year round with the Bay of Islands, Fiordland and the Hauraki Gulf offering the best chance of sightings. Unfortunately, according to the NZ Whale & Dolphin Trust, dolphin numbers are declining with irresponsible tours partly responsible. Approaching pods can really affect behaviour so make sure your skipper abides by the Marine Mammal Protection Regulations before you sign up.
Auckland offers all the elements of an excellent urban space with a wonderful climate adding to the attraction. However, poor public transport and a growing population has made the city slightly congested so bear this in mind if you're driving. Best advice is to visit Albert Park or the winter gardens in the Auckland Domain or, better yet, enjoy the city from the top of the vehicle-free Maungawhau (Mount Eden).
Although it’s tempting to stay in one of New Zealand's cosmopolitan cities, there's only so much sightseeing you can do before getting itchy feet. Thankfully, there are loads of opportunities to get back to nature all within easy reach, including Lake Wakatipu (15mins from Queenstown), Otago Peninsula and the Royal Albatross Centre (30mins from Dunedin) and Rainbow Springs Kiwi Wildlife Park (7mins from Rotorua).
"Marae" = a meeting house
“Karanga" = the welcoming ceremony for guests entering a marae
“Nau mai” = welcome
“Waiata” = a song or a chant
“Haka” = the dance and chant which takes place when a challenge is offered.