Russia Travel Guide

Russia travel guide

2 minute summary

As the world’s largest country, around double the size of the USA and reputedly bigger than Pluto, there’s a fair chance you’re not going to cover all of Russia in a couple of weeks. Getting to grips with the highlights, however, does give you a fair taste; and from the architectural masterpieces of Saint Petersburg and Moscow to the isolated Siberian scenery which accompanies a trip on the Trans Siberian Express, undertaking manageable chunks is certainly an easier alternative to one giant bite. Chess, Communism, babushkas and Bolshoi or Pacific walrus, polar bears, snow geese and Siberian tigers, whatever you’re hoping to find, just make sure you’re ready for Russia rather than Russia being ready for you.
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Russia map & highlights


The only time trains have ever been late in Russia is when the leader of China visited in 2001 and schedules were paused to allow him speedy passage through to the capital. It’s this sort of efficiency in the face of harsh conditions that has forged such confidence of character in Russia’s people and no trip is complete without meeting at least a couple of the locals.

The art and architecture of Moscow and St Petersburg can only be topped by the phenomenal scenery of Siberia and Kamchatka, and if you’ve got time to spare then it’s always worth taking the Trans Siberian Express to compare both sides of this huge nation. 
Kamchatka Lake Baikal Moscow Siberian tiger safaris St Petersburg Trans Siberian Railway


A naturally diverse region that will have you ferreting for binoculars as bears, walrus and Arctic foxes rise from Wrangel Island, and more than 300 volcanoes lay claim to the rest of your camera’s quota. From abandoned Cold War submarines to borsch, beer and salmon caviar, Kamchatka is definitely worth experiencing via a small cruise ship; all-weather gear is a must!

Lake Baikal

650km long and 80km wide, Lake Baikal is all about the superlatives as this is the largest, oldest, deepest and clearest freshwater lake on the planet. Often frozen enough to ice walk in winter and yet providing a place to swim, fish and skim stones in summer, trips on the Trans Siberian and homestay accommodation provide a great opportunity to dip your toe in a little further.


Russia’s dark and foreboding capital is endowed with iconic architecture and UNESCO sites, and just a glimpse of St Basil’s Cathedral will have travellers in a complete and utter whirl. Explore a little further from Red Square and the Kremlin to find Gorky Park, Novodevichy Convent and the Pushkin Museum as well as monuments to Russia’s revolutionary past, Lenin’s Mausoleum a prime example.

Siberian tiger safaris

With a population just under 600, the Siberian/Amur tiger has seen a resurgence in northeastern Russia due to major conservation efforts in the mountains and forests bordering Khabarovsk, just 30km from China. Winter snow reveals the clearest tiger tracks and undertaking a safari in Durminskoye Reserve with expert guide Alexander Batalov offers a unique natural adventure.

St Petersburg

If Moscow’s mean and moody, St Petersburg’s light and gay and considered to be a much more cosmopolitan alternative to its big sister some 800km south. A grand collection of pre-revolutionary buildings has led UNESCO to stamp its mark throughout the city with the Hermitage and Kunstkamera Museums and Peter and Paul Fortress presenting a wealth of treasures fit for a Tsar.

Trans Siberian Railway

Spanning two continents and incorporating over 9,600km of track, this is the world’s longest railway and a great option for travelling overland from Europe to Asia. There are three lines which make up the route: Siberian, Mongolian and Manchurian, with the more commonly used, Trans Siberian, taking just over six days to reach Vladivostok from Moscow with opportunities to ‘hop off’ en-route.
Written by: Chris Owen

Photo credits: [Top box: Dennis Jarvis] [Russian Train: Chelsea Marie Hicks] [Trans Siberian train: Anna Rice] [Moscow: Anna Rice] [St Petersburg: Dennis Jarvis] [Lake Baikal: Anna Rice]
Chukotka and Wrangel Island wildlife cruises, Russia

Chukotka and Wrangel Island wildlife cruises, Russia

Explore Russian Arctic - home to Polar Bears, walrus & more

From US $11200 15 Days ex flights
Chukotka and Wrangel Island cruise

Chukotka and Wrangel Island cruise

Authentic Arctic Festival & wildlife including Polar Bears

From US $8900 15 Days ex flights
Trans-Mongolian Express, Eastbound

Trans-Mongolian Express, Eastbound

Russia to China on the Trans-Siberian Railway

From £2785 20 Days ex flights
Central Asia overland holiday

Central Asia overland holiday

Incredible scenery, shamanic traditions and eagle hunters

From £3299 23 Days ex flights
Kamchatka and Chukotka wildlife cruises, Russia

Kamchatka and Chukotka wildlife cruises, Russia

Explore Kamchatka's stunning Coast, volcanoes, fjords & more

From US $7200 13 Days ex flights
Russia holiday, Moscow, Novgorod & St Petersburg

Russia holiday, Moscow, Novgorod & St Petersburg

An eight-day tour of Russia's must-see attractions

From £1020 8 Days ex flights
Siberian Tiger & Amur Leopard tours in Russia

Siberian Tiger & Amur Leopard tours in Russia

Track Siberian Tigers and Amur Leopards in Russia's Far East

From £2995 14 Days ex flights
Trans Siberian Railway holiday, Russian Summer

Trans Siberian Railway holiday, Russian Summer

Remarkable Moscow to Vladivostok train journey, Tailor-Made

From €3200 18 Days ex flights
Golden Ring holiday in Russia

Golden Ring holiday in Russia

Explore Russian history and culture

From £1250 10 Days ex flights
Russia small group tour

Russia small group tour

Highlights tour of Russia

From £1589 9 Days inc UK flights
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