The journey is often more exciting than the destination - and never is that more apparent than on a railway holiday. Whether you're being rocked to sleep on Vietnam's Reunification Express, watching the Highlands whizz past the window in Scotland, or cracking open the vodka and a pack of cards on the iconic Trans Siberian Railway, there are few better ways to travel the world.
How to choose a Trans Siberian or Trans Mongolian tour
The Trans Siberian is arguably the world’s greatest train journey. It’s certainly the most epic – non-stop it takes an entire week – but most tourists prefer to break it up with various overnight stops along the way, extending it to three weeks and longer. So, given the time it takes, and the costs involved, it’s vital to choose the right rail trip for you. Because there are dozens of different tours billed as Trans Siberian or Trans Mongolian, and the experience can vary widely from one to the next. Here’s a few of the main aspects you need to consider.
Our Trans Mongolian Railway Holidays
Trans Siberian or Trans Mongolian?
The first thing to make clear is that the Trans Siberian is not a single route. It’s a vast network of lines that sprawls across many thousands of miles. As such, while travelling on it you will brush shoulders with people of many different nationalities and backgrounds, perhaps on holiday themselves, or headed to work or to visit relatives.
The Trans Siberian, the oldest and best known route, runs over 9,000km from Moscow to Vladivostok in the Russian Far East, home to the country’s Pacific fleet. The Trans Mongolian, on the other hand, takes you through Russia, Mongolia and China, crossing the Gobi Desert. Many people consider it the more interesting of the two routes because of the variety in landscapes and cultures. There is also a third, lesser-taken route, the Trans Manchurian, which travels between Moscow and Beijing without dipping into Mongolia. Most of the trips that we offer run between Moscow and Vladivostok, or Moscow and Beijing, but not all. Some finish in Irkutsk for instance, while others carry on further.
Which direction?You can choose your direction of travel, with some itineraries being effectively mirror images of one another. So with the Trans Mongolian for instance you can go east from Moscow to Beijing, or west from Beijing to Moscow, with the same activities en route, just in reverse order. Travelling westbound can help with the time difference (train-lag?) but most people choose to journey eastbound, leaving the long flight until the end.
Small group or tailor made tours?Almost all Trans Siberian holidays are small group tours, during which you’ll be accompanied by around 15 or so other travellers, plus a tour leader, following a structured itinerary on set dates. There are a handful of tailor made tours available too, which give you greater flexibility on your travel dates, excursions and the option to spend a few extra days here and there, as well as independent tours where your basic structure is provided but you are left to your own devices at each stop. On tailor made tours you will also be able to upgrade your accommodation, on the train and in cities such as Moscow and Beijing.
It is possible to organise the trip yourself, but it would be very time-consuming and complicated unless you plan to just stay on the train for the duration of the journey. For that reason the vast majority of people prefer to put it in the hands of a specialist company. That means all of the ticket booking arrangements, accommodations and transfers are taken care of – so you can enjoy the ride with nothing to worry about. You can also get significant help with the convoluted process of organising visas.
If you'd like to chat about Trans Mongolian Railway or need help finding a holiday to suit you we're very happy to help.
AccommodationTaking as an example a standard, three-week holiday on the Trans Siberian, you will spend around six nights on the train, with the rest at various stops, staying in hotels, guesthouses, and often a Mongolian ger in Ulaanbaatar. On each route, there are several classes of accommodation. It’s important to understand the differences between, so you know what to expect.
The Trans Siberian uses Russian trains. Second class cabins mean four berths, while first class cabins have two lower bunks only. You’ll have a small table, enough space for luggage, power sockets and lockable door. Clean bedding is provided, and the bunks convert to seats for use in the daytime. There are washrooms and toilets (but not showers) at opposite ends of the carriage corridor, and each train has a restaurant car serving Russian cuisine.
On the Trans Mongolian you will be travelling on Chinese trains, which are broadly similar to Russian trains with a few key differences. The second class hard sleeper is equivalent to a second class cabin on the Trans Siberian. There is also a second class soft sleeper which again has four berths, but offers a little extra space – whether it’s worth the supplement is debatable. Then there is the first class cabin, also known as the deluxe soft sleeper. These are quite roomy, and may even have an armchair. The first class cabins share a private sink and shower with the adjacent cabin, and as with the Trans Siberian there are toilets at the end of the corridor.
As with the Trans Siberian, all Trans Mongolian trains have a restaurant car; however, it is changed at each border, so that you can dine on Russian, Mongolian, then Chinese meals. The food is decent enough, though choices tend to be limited and it’s not cheap. Many travellers prefer instead to get by on snacks either brought with them (instant noodles can be made easily with the samovar of hot water in each carriage) or buying them from the babushkas that sell their wares at most stations. Read more about life aboard the train.
SeasonsAfter the route, probably the most important aspect to consider is when to travel, and every season has its own advantages. Summer is the busiest time of year but destinations such as Lake Baikal are sublime in the sunshine. The frozen landscapes of Siberia, beautiful to start with, can grow bland, but winter in Mongolia or Moscow: stunning. Spring and autumn naturally offer gorgeous scenery through your large window too, but the weather is not so predictable and cabins can get a little stuffy. You might also want to think about tying your trip in with a particular event – Mongolia’s exciting Naadam Festival in early July for instance, or seeing in Christmas in Red Square.
Where to get off
Almost all holidays on the Trans Siberian and Trans Mongolian feature the same stop-offs. On the Trans Mongolian specifically, these are typically Yekaterinburg, Lake Baikal, Ulaanbaatar and Gorkhi-Terelj National Park. But there are some itineraries that cover more ground. The Silk Road route, for instance, takes a diversion into the ‘Stans, passing through great historic cities including Almaty, Tashkent and Samarkand.
And don’t think that you need to finish your adventure in Beijing or Moscow. The Trans Mongolian conveniently connects with trains leading to other parts of China and Southeast Asia, while in Russia you can venture beyond Moscow to St. Petersburg and any other part of Europe. The Imperial Route, meanwhile, takes you over the Sea of Japan by ferry all the way to Tokyo via Kyoto and Nara.
More about Trans Mongolian Railway
Our Trans Mongolian railway holidays guide explores one of the world’s great train journeys, taking you from Moscow to Beijing, or vice versa, through Mongolia - land of Genghis Khan.
The best time to go on a Trans Mongolian railway holiday will for the most part depend on what kind of scenery you want to see and what you’d like to do on each excursion.
Life onboard the Trans Mongolian railway is a movable feast of culture, with plenty of opportunities to get to know your fellow passengers a little as you travel between stations.
Travelling east or west, there are a few unmissable stops on any Trans Mongolian itinerary - our Trans Mongolian map and highlights page takes a closer look at the places you’ll be visiting.
Just because you’ve reached the end of the line doesn’t mean your adventures have to be over. Our suppliers can often help you with a Trans Mongolian 'plus' itinerary.
Fancy Nadaam in Mongolia, or Christmas in Siberia - we run through a handful of the different types of Trans Mongolian railway holidays available to you, and what each has to recommend it.
Vast Lake Baikal, ‘Pearl of Siberia’, is virtually an inland ocean - frozen through winter and spring, and in summer a beloved destination among Russians for boating, fishing and picnicking.
A trip on the Trans Siberian or Trans Mongolian is the adventure of a lifetime but it’s not cheap, and deciding whether you should save or splurge on it is should be part of your decision-making process.
Read our guide to what to expect from a stay in a Mongolian ger so that on arrival in Ulaanbaatar you'll be up to speed on the practicalities, the traditions, and what you need to bring.
We take a look at responsible tourism on the Trans Mongolian railway, with tips for respecting traditional Mongolian culture, and why cheap cashmere has unseen environmental costs.