What Responsible Travel doesn’t promote, and why

At Responsible Travel, we are always responding to information from customers, members, our own staff, activist friends and academics about activities or attractions. There are some attractions – such as captive dolphin shows – that we have never promoted, and others that we have removed from our site following discussions with our members and NGOs. Other activities – such as elephant trekking – were real ethical minefields, but again, we spoke to local experts, animal welfare charities and travel companies to help us decide on our stance.

The other thing we don't promote is any tour company without an overall Responsible Tourism policy that meets our criteria. This must show evidence and be published on a trip by trip basis. Members also agree to have tourists' reviews on how they live up to this published on the site.

We’d like to remind our members and inform future members about our policies – to explain what we do and don’t promote, and the reasons behind this. We’d also strongly encourage other holiday companies to look at their own policies and read up on whether the wildlife attractions or volunteer placements they are selling are genuinely responsible and not causing harm to wildlife or local people. And if you are not sure – the good news is we’ve done most of the hard work in getting opinions from marine conservationists, animal welfare charities, local tour operators and child protection experts – and we are happy to share the results of this research with you, to help you decide what to promote on your own trips – and what not to.

Animal Welfare and wildlife tourism
Wildlife is the highlight of many a holiday and we place huge importance on animal welfare where any wildlife is concerned. We continuously conduct research and update our policies and recommendations accordingly. You can access more information on all wildlife issues, together with our up to date policies here.

Captive animal facilities
In 2017, Responsible Travel drew up new guidelines on captive wildlife facilities, which have been endorsed by the Born Free Foundation. We do not promote zoos or animal parks where the main function is as a tourist attraction, even for volunteer placements which have the aim of improving the welfare animal in these facilities. We don’t promote anywhere which breeds non-endangered species, which captures animals from the wild, or which buys/trades animals from other zoos, and we don’t promote anywhere which offers animal performances or rides (with the exception of domesticated animals). This also includes places in which visitors can cuddle or take photos with the animals – with the exception of very few sanctuaries where human contact is required as part of the creatures’ on going care.

We continue to promote genuine wildlife sanctuaries, rescue centres and rehab/release facilities, and places which breed species classified as endangered, even if these are not able to be released. Our trips may also visit aquariums which do not contain large species such as sea turtles, penguins, sea lions, sharks and cetaceans. For more information and advice on what we do and don't promote where captive animal facilities are concerned, please see here

Elephant trekking
In 2014, we removed elephant rides from our site after learning about the brutal “breaking in” process required to subdue the elephants, as well as the fact that the wild capture of Asian elephants to be used in tourism means they are now classified as endangered throughout their range. We also do not promote any sanctuaries or camps where elephants are made to perform - by painting, playing football or dancing.

Walking with lions & interacting with lion or tiger cubs
Another activity sought out by well meaning volunteers, feeding, cuddling and playing with lion and tiger cubs which have supposedly been rescued is usually a ploy of the canned hunting industry. Habituated lions are unlikely ever to be released – instead they are sold to canned hunting facilities where they can be shot by trophy hunters for a high fee. Worse, the volunteers have virtually cuddled their fear of humans out of them, making them an even easier target. And tiger cubs in Africa should ring alarm bells regardless: they are not native to any African country.

Captive orcas & dolphins
This is another issue which has suddenly hit the limelight, largely following the release of the film Blackfish and the worldwide campaigns that followed, including our own, to shut down captive orca and dolphin facilities. SeaWorld has since promised to stop breeding orcas and its share value has fallen dramatically as a result of the negative publicity. It is only a matter of time before smaller venues follow suit. One way to speed this process up is for tour operators and travel agents to stop selling tickets to dolphinariums – something which we believe will soon be viewed as tasteless as animal performances in circuses.

The Tiger Temple, Thailand
The Tiger Temple has been in the news on and off for months, following pledges by the Thai authorities to close it down and re-home the tigers – as well as incidents where tourists and the resident monks have been mauled by tigers.

We do not promote the Tiger Temple for several reasons. The tigers are kept in bare, concrete enclosures, often exposed to the Thai sun for hours without shade. There are reports that the tigers have been drugged – which is why they permit visitors to stroke them and children to sit on their backs for photos., and the facility is known to breed tigers – though this has no conservation value, as they are fully habituated to humans, meaning they can never be released into the wild. More concerningly, in May 2016, the bodies of 40 newborn cubs were found in a freezer.

Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage, Sri Lanka
We used to promote trips to Pinnawala, believing it was genuinely an orphanage, but were alerted in 2007 by several members of staff concerned about the animal welfare. After speaking to travel companies in Asia as well as the wildlife charity Born Free, we decided to no longer promote Pinnawala for several reasons, including the chaining of bull elephants during musth, the use of bullhooks and the fact that the elephants are used as photographic props for tourists. In addition, there were reports of elephants being bred, with the sole purpose of keeping them in captivity.

Sea turtle hatcheries with tanks
Sea turtle hatcheries can play an important role in the conservation of sea turtles, of which six out of the seven species are vulnerable or endangered. However, we do not promote any sea turtle hatcheries which use tanks. Some hatcheries put the hatchlings in these for a coupe of days - or considerably longer - as they claim it makes them stronger before they reach the sea. We have not found any evidence to support this, and have in fact discovered that it can weaken the hatchlings, encourage the spread of diseases and bacteria, and is more often used as a way to draw paying tourists to the site, as they can handle and take photos with the turtles.

Orphanage tourism
Quite simply, we don’t believe that children should ever be treated as tourist attractions – and especially not in the case of vulnerable children, such as orphans. There are many, many issues with allowing tourists into orphanages. Most people, when at home, would not dream of taking a photo of an unknown child, and certainly not posting it online – this happens all the time in overseas orphanages. Tourists are not CRB checked, but there may be opportunities for them to be alone with children. These vulnerable children are encouraged to form attachments to people and are then abandoned repeatedly. And finally, the money from tourism – whether volunteers or day visitors, means children have become a lucrative commodity in some parts of the world (Siem Reap, a town of 100,000 people, has 35 orphanages). Consequently, many of the children are not orphans; rather, their parents have been coerced into giving them up for a “better life”.

Our decision not to promote orphanage tourism came following discussions with volunteering organisations, child protection charities and tour operators; we followed this up with an orphanage volunteering campaign to raise awareness of these issues.

Note: Some holiday itineraries include a day/short visit to an orphanage/children’s home/community or family setting/youth or drop-in centre. We will only promote these if the children are NOT present or involved in the visit, due to the reasons above.

Carbon offsetting
Responsible Travel was one of the first travel companies to adopt a carbon offsetting scheme back in 2002. In 2009 we became the first to part ways with it recognising it was becoming a dangerous distraction to behaviour change. Ten years on, reports have shown that even top carbon offset schemes have not worked, yet they are still being widely used. We would like to get people talking about carbon reduction rather than offsetting and we therefore do not promote carbon offset schemes anywhere on our site.

Large cruise ships (250+ passengers)
Plenty of laws exist around the world controlling air and water pollution, how waste is disposed of, and how employees are treated. Unfortunately, many of these laws do not exist once you travel far enough away from the shore, which leaves many cruise ships to sail off into a regulation-free sunset. There are many, many reasons why we do not promote large cruise ships. For example, a 3,000 passenger cruise ship generates 150,000 gallons of sewage per week, which can be dumped in the ocean untreated if more than three nautical miles from shore. And the lack of applicable employment laws mean that some workers can be forced to work up to 18 hours per day, with salaries as low as $1.25 per hour. Add to this the coral reefs dredged up by anchors, the mangroves destroyed to build immense ports and the lack of money put back into the destinations, and it all starts to look rather unethical. Read more here.

Mass tourism operators
We do not promote tour operators that leave as little money in the destination as possible. This can include large cruise ships, where all drinks, meals, entertainment and transport are provided through the cruise company, as well as all inclusive resorts and package holidays, which do not encourage guests to spend money in local restaurants or cafes, hire local guides or pay for taxis or public transport. This creates a one-way system where tourists are taking from the destination without giving anything back, which does nothing for local livelihoods or environmental protection. In addition, it does nothing for the image of tourists overseas, and does not encourage people to learn anything about the destination they are visiting, or the local culture. This is the opposite of responsible tourism.

Snow cannons
The peak times for ski resorts are during the Christmas and Easter breaks. However, these fall at either end of the snow season in many resorts, especially those at lower altitude. With climate change kicking in, the snow season is shorter than ever. Many resorts now use snow cannons to guarantee powder throughout the holidays, but this is environmentally very damaging, particularly due to the vast quantities of water used. Consequently, we only promote resorts that have snow cannons if they are able to offer other activities in the absence of natural snow. We prefer to sell tours at a time of year when snowfall is most likely, and to focus on activities such as snow shoeing and cross country skiing that take place in natural environments, with real snow and minimal environmental impact. Read more here.

Other activities that we do not promote
Ostrich riding
Rodeos & stampedes

Activities that we promote under certain circumstances
Golf, if the course has been GEO Certified™ with the Golf Environment Organization
Downhill skiing

Read more on our views about other tourism issues here.

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