Captive monkey
Captive monkey. Photo by Max Borge

Our stance on captive animals, animal welfare & tourism.

At Responsible Travel we believe that, with few exceptions, wildlife belongs in the wild. Many of our holidays enable people to see animals in their own environments, displaying natural behaviours, and these holidays will also contribute towards the conservation of this wildlife and – crucially – their habitats.

However, we also accept that in some cases there is no satisfactory alternative to wildlife being kept in captivity. While there has been much focus on animal welfare, we believe it is more important to consider whether the animal should be captive in the first place – from the point of view of the individual animal, as well as the conservation of the species as a whole.

We have reached several conclusions regarding different types of captive animal facilities, and have developed our stance on this, which has been endorsed by the Born Free Foundation.

Captive animal facilities that we do not promote

Responsible Travel does not promote any trips which visit zoos or wildlife parks. While these places may make educational claims, or state that they are “conservation centres”, they are principally tourist attractions – and the animals are held in captivity with the purpose of attracting visitors. Any educational or conservation aspect, if it exists, is secondary to this.

We don’t promote centres which breed non-endangered wildlife. Animals bred in captivity are almost never able to be released into the wild – so these animals are being bred purely for the entertainment of humans, or – in some cases – for their meat, skins or eggs.

We do not promote wildlife performances, animal rides (with the exception of domesticated animals), the use of animals as photographic props or cuddling and playing with wildlife. We have a few exceptions, principally for our volunteering placements, where human contact may be required for the rehabilitation or care of certain animals. However, these are rare, and considered on a case by case basis.

Captive animal facilities that we do promote

Around the world there are wildlife sanctuaries, rescue and rehabilitation centres which are doing superb work. These include sanctuaries for elephants which have been retired from the logging or tourism industries, or rescued from unethical owners; it is usually impossible for these elephants ever to be released into the wild due to habituation. They also include sanctuaries for animals which have been orphaned, affected by habitat loss, illegally traded or injured. In many cases these animals cannot be released, due to habituation or injury, although rehabilitation and release will always be the goal if possible. These sanctuaries do not offer rides or performances, and they do not encourage the handling and cuddling of the animals, other than in the exceptions mentioned above.

We also promote centres which breed endangered wildlife, such as Tasmanian devils and black rhinos. Habitat loss, disease (in the case of the Tasmanian devils), threats from poaching (for the rhinos) and habituation means these animals can often not be released for their own safety – but with such immense threats facing them in the wild, captive breeding is, for now, one of several activities which can help avoid extinction – alongside habitat conservation, raising awareness and dealing with illegal trade and poaching.

We continue to promote aquariums - as long as these do not contain large species such as sea lions, penguins sharks, cetaceans and sea turtles.

Captive animal attractions we do not promote

Orca show
Orca show. Photo by Steven Depolo
Captive orcas and dolphins. In 2013 we launched our “Stop the orca circus” campaign in collaboration with the World Cetacean Alliance in opposition to the keeping of whales and dolphins in dolphinaria around the world. Read more about it and our petition.

Pinnewala Elephant Orphanage in Sri Lanka was the subject of a report by the animal welfare charity Born Free which led to our decision to exclude any trips that visit Pinnewala from the site. Read more on why we don't support Pinnewala Elephant Orphanage here.

The Tiger Temple in Thailand – a traveller brought to our attention the poor welfare standards here. After a thorough investigation as well as an additional report by the charity Care for the Wild, we decided to remove all trips that include Tiger Temple in their itinerary. Read more on our stance on the Tiger Temple in Thailand here.

Elephant trekking. Other than in exceptional circumstances (when elephant riding forms part of the protection of highly endangered rhinos and tigers in national parks) we do not promote any elephant rides. Read more about how we reached this decision in our elephant trekking guide.

Elephant sanctuaries or orphanages where elephant riding, performing, painting or similar are permitted. The few sanctuaries which we do support ensure the animals are kept in the most natural conditions possible, and do not take elephants from the wild. Read more about the pros and cons of elephant sanctuaries here.

Circuses, rodeos and stampedes, bullfighting, canned hunting, walking with lions or other big cats, ostrich riding or dancing bears.

The use of captive wildlife as photographic props.

Continuous monitoring and feedback

We constantly try to improve our knowledge of animal welfare in tourism and talk to travellers, tour operators and animal welfare and wildlife organisations to make sure that we are up to date with current information. We monitor all the reviews that we receive for any potential animal welfare issues (which sometimes the traveller may not even be aware of), and we often question our tour operators about their trips, the conservation value of their wildlife holidays and encourage them to increase the educational aspects of wildlife trips.

What you can do
The international wildlife charity Born Free has created the Travellers’ Animal Alert. This initiative investigates neglect, fights cruelty and works with tour operators, travel companies, foreign governments and other organisations to take positive action and help improve animals’ lives. They investigate notorious facilities, ensure public concerns are addressed, and phase out exploitative activities. There is an online form for you to send in reports and photos about animal suffering you have seen on your travels, or you can call them at any time on 0845 003 5960. The more information you can provide, the better; video footage is particularly useful.

Born Free travellers alertsRead more about Born Free at http://www.bornfree.org.uk/

Further reading
See our responsible wildlife holidays
Volunteer on a wildlife conservation holiday
Can wildlife tourism help conserve our endangered species?

Written by Justin Francis
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