Rwanda travel guide

Visiting Rwanda is a bit like doing a triathlon. It’s challenging, exciting, tiring and emotional. It also has three important aspects: people and culture, national parks and gorilla watching. It is most celebrated for its gorilla populations and strictly managed safaris in Volcanoes National Park. However, Rwanda’s other two national parks are also habitat havens. Nyungwe boasts chimps and other primates, and Akagera is a veritable ark.
The last thing you expect to see at Rwanda airport is a sign saying that all plastic bags will be confiscated. They have a countrywide ban. Rwanda is full of surprises.
It is the people, their history and culture that will make your heart skip a beat or two, however; as you will discover not only in the beyond moving genocide memorials, but also by immersing yourself in the infectiously life affirming culture – dancing in Kigale’s music hotspots, or taking a walking tour in its Nyamirambo Muslim quarter. Head out on a night trip with the fishermen of Lake Kivu, listen to their ekiovu songs echoing across this mountain enveloped waterscape, and you’ll get a medal if you aren’t moved to tears. See our Rwanda travel guide for more details.

Rwanda is…

reborn. And you will feel that way too after visiting it.

Rwanda isn’t…

just about gorilla trekking.

What we rate & what we don’t


Wheelchair accessible travel

Many Rwanda visitor attractions, particularly those in the capital, Kigali, …


A vibrant capital set among lush valleys; don’t just whizz …

Monkeys in the mist

So often upstaged by the gorilla godfathers (and hard not …

Akagera National Park

On the border with Tanzania, this is one of East …

Gorilla trekking

Gorillas are like the godfathers. The largest and most powerful …

Volcanoes National Park

As well as its six active and three extinct volcanoes, …

Rwanda plus

Combine time in Rwanda with gorilla trekking not only here …


A silent, sobering trip to the Kigali Genocide Museum and …

Probing about ethnicity

The 1994 genocide and painful years that came before and …

Disturbing the peace

Rwandans have a quiet nobility about them. They don’t like …

Ignoring the gorilla rules

Rwanda has a very strict set of rules which you …

Eating in public

Leave your snacking habit behind, because eating in public is …

Food, shopping & people

Eating & drinking in Rwanda

Eating & drinking in Rwanda

Brochettes (grilled meat or fish on a stick) are everywhere and delicious. A fishy treat is fried sambaza served with a peanut sauce.
Icayi is the word for Rwandan black tea, served everywhere. Have it with your mandazi deep fried dough balls.
Ugali is the staple: a white ball of maize served with vegetables or meat.
City cafes often serve ‘Mélange’ which is a buffet of potatoes, bananas, beans, rice, cassava and salads. Sometimes with meat too.
People & language
Hello = muraho

People & language

Kinyarwanda is the main indigenous language or Rwanda, and part of the Bantu linguistic family. English is the language used in schools, however, as the government switched from French to English in education after the genocide. Many Tutsi learned English while exiled in Uganda or Tanzania, and a small minority still speak French. Rwandan people are very friendly, and love their greetings too. Brave a few of these:
Goodbye = murabeho
How are things going? = bite se?
Fine thanks = ni meza
According to the 2017 World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report, Rwanda comes fourth in the world for equality, after Iceland, Norway and Finland.

Our top trip

Rwanda primate holiday, 6 days

Rwanda primate holiday, 6 days

Gorilla, Chimp, Colobus and Golden Monkey trekking in Rwanda

From US $3934 to US $4741 6 days ex flights
Tailor made:
This trip can be tailor made throughout the year to suit your requirements
Travel Team
If you'd like to chat about Rwanda or need help finding a holiday to suit you we're very happy to help.
Gifts & shopping

Gifts & shopping

Akabanga chilli oil is a top and hot local gift.
Seek out the Nyamirambo Women’s Centre in Kigali, a cooperative of creative gems. The products are very cool, too.
There is a growing art gallery scene in Kigali, with bright bold paintings which reflect the kitenge fabric heritage. Ask for them to roll an unframed canvas for easy transport.
Sisal basketry is everywhere. Leave your hand luggage at home and bring a beauty back with you.
Banana wine is a Rwandan specialty. Best buy one with a Rwanda Standard Board mark, which means that the bananas weren’t crushed by feet and it isn’t bottled in old beer bottles. But it’s your call.
How much?
Local Primus beer: £1.50
Boat ride on Lake Kivu: £12-22
Gorilla watching permit: $1500 USD
Brochette: £0.80
Icayi or local black tea: £0.25

A brief history of Rwanda

There is no getting away from the word ‘genocide’ when writing about Rwanda’s history, and nor should there be. Although the country has created one of the cleanest slates possible with calm, crime free streets, litter free landscapes and a social programme where every citizen helps out in the community once a month, they haven’t swept the tragedy under a carpet. You just can’t. n 1994, over one million people were slaughtered over a period of 100 days in a government led genocide. Rwanda’s history will be forever stained by this horrific time; however, we must also look before and after to understand more about Rwanda’s history. Read more
Written by Catherine Mack
Photo credits: [Page banner: Ryan M. Bolton] [Is/Isn't: Henrik Palm] [Wheelchair accessible travel: ssilberman] [Kigali market: Katie Taylor] [Ruwenzori colobus: Rwanda Government] [Akagera National Park: John Cooke] [Gorilla: Joachim Huber] [Volcanoes National Park: Jason Tester Guerilla Future] [Gorilla - Uganda: USAID Biodiversity & Forestry] [Kigali Genocide memorial: Adam Jones] [Memorial service: Kigali Genocide Memorial] [Families in rememberance: Kwibuka Rwanda] [Gorilla and baby: freeimage4life] [Street: Mugisha Don de Dieu] [Sambaza: leesean] [Crowd: Ayoze O´Shanahan] [Women laughing: Rwanda Government] [Basket weaving: Rwanda Green Fund] [Mandazi and tea: Rachel Strohm]