Our Indonesia travel guide aims to point responsible travellers in the right direction when it comes to what we rate & what we donít as well as all the information you need on food, shopping & people to assist in your quest to discover Indonesia like a local.
Responsible tourism in Bali
As with many tropical locations, parts of Bali have become something of a victim of their own success. Quiet, peaceful beaches have turned into temples to merchandise and big business. Peaceful and unassuming local people have found their cultural identity under threat, with poverty rife in rural communities far from the financial gain of tourism. But don't for one minute think that Bali has succumbed to its fate. Explore away from the brash, built up resorts down south and you'll still find untouched virgin beaches, thriving fishing villages and indigenous communities living in much the same way as they always have. Protected areas, such as Bali Barat National Park, feature a wide range of land and marine environments to sustain a hugely diverse range of flora and fauna to offer responsible travellers a true taste of Bali, the way nature intended. Read on to find out more about Bali, warts and all, as we examine the issues facing the island and what you can do to help.
Our Bali Holidays
PEOPLE & CULTURE
From Hindu culture to prime real estateSoft white sand, laid back lifestyles and Hindu temples always made Bali attractive for cultural travellers; however, the opening of Ngurah Rai International Airport in the 1970s ensured the island became much more accessible, especially for those just a short flight away in Australia. Although many of the Aussies heading to Bali back in the 70s and early 80s were solely interested in consistent waves and affordable digs, the more tourists who came to see what the fuss was all about, the more the money men capitalised on the islandís exotic charms. The coastal suburbs around Denpasar, including Sanur, Kuta and Nusa Dua, all attracted real estate developers, fast-food chains and all-inclusive package holidaymakers with little or no intervention from, at best, a weak government, at worse, a completely corrupt bunch of incompetents. Ineffectual leaders still exist today, a prime example being the proposed Benoa Bay development which, if pushed forward, plans to bring increased numbers of tourists to the already over congested southern Bali in the form of shopping districts, luxury accommodation and a marina, within an area thatís currently underwater. This proposed reclamation project threatens not only the marine ecology and surrounding coastline but also several sacred underwater Hindu sites. Not only does Baliís government need to get its act together in terms of protecting the natural environment and cultural sites of the south, it needs to respect the rights of local people ahead of international corporations before it edges ever closer to the mass tourism volcanic rim of no return.
What you can do
Donít treat Bali as just another homogenised hot spot and stay in high rise hotels where English is the only language youíll hear all holiday, or opt for all inclusive packages that donít require any travelling other than from the pool and back. Go and explore; experience Bali on two wheels through rice terraces or in remote mountain villages, like Tenganan and Trunyan where Bali Aga traditions exist alongside incredible volcanic scenery. Discover the intricacy of ikat textile design and what it means to be invited in for coffee by someone who welcomes you with nods, smiles and twinkling eyes.
Street kids, sex tourism and beggingItís estimated that almost 200,000 people on Bali are living in poverty*, especially within the remote, rural northeast, and through a combination of desperation and naivety, the vast majority of young men and women within Baliís sex trade will have been put there by members of their own family.** Despite the obvious moral and religious contradictions, sex is openly for sale in Bali with busy tourist areas in Kuta, Seminyak and Sanur attracting kids to the bright lights like moths to flames, with the all powerful western dollar often seen as the only means of escaping an endless cycle of destitution. Kids will start off begging or selling trinkets by the side of the road before being drawn into a world where accepting money or anything else of value for sexual abuse isnít considered illegal, even for children, especially if no complaints have been made by the victim. The cycle continues once children get too old to beg or charm Ė because theyíre no longer Ďcute enoughí - with Ďmassage parlorsí, brothels and red light districts beckoning teens deeper into a murky underworld with the threat of HIV/AIDS an ever-darkening shadow hanging over the beaches of Bali.
What you can do
If you see kids begging: please donít give them any money, donít buy them anything and donít pay for any 'impromptu' dance performances or shows. By giving begging children money you may well be lining the pockets of threatening adults and perpetuating the poverty trap that is basically akin to slavery. There are several charitable NGOs that have been set up to help kids get off the streets. Soul Surf Project is one such non-profit making organisation that aims to break Baliís cycle of street kids and sex tourism, and if youíre interested in helping, please make a donation or find out how you can get involved before, during or after your visit to Bali.
Sources: *The Bali Times; **The International Labour Organization
For more information on how to help kids in Bali, please read these ChildSafe tips before you go.
WILDLIFE & ENVIRONMENT
Cruel for catsFor some, the process of drinking coffee made from partially-digested cherries that have been through a cat's digestive system is unthinkable, for others, itís an expensive luxury that's worth every Indonesian Rupiah. Don't be fooled. This is not just a quirky gimmick to be ticked off a 'bucket list'. Civet cats are mass farmed in appalling conditions and forced to eat, digest and defecate coffee seeds which are then turned into one of the most expensive hot drinks on the planet. Also, be warned, many of the producers of Civet/Kopi Luwak will label their brand wild or organic when it simply isn't the case.
What you can do
The best thing? Just donít drink it. Opt for a locally grown coffee instead. Something that comes from one of the smaller coffee estates surrounding Munduk or in more remote regions like Belimbing.
Dealing in dolphinsLovina, on Baliís north coast, is fast-becoming one of Indonesiaís most popular locations to watch dolphins. Tour operators and local boat owners market tours at sunrise and will often chase or get too close to dolphins with little or no regard for passenger or animal safety. Although this industry needs regulating, and fast, this is nothing compared to the conditions that dolphins are held in some of Baliís hotels. Daily dolphin shows offer guests the chance to watch dolphins perform or to actually get in a tank of water and swim with them. No matter whether dolphins are kept in chlorinated pools or floating salt water sea pens, in our opinion there are no excuses to put profit before animal welfare.
Source: Dolphin Project
What you can do
Responsible Travel will never recommend accommodations or tours where dolphins or any other animals will be mistreated. Always do your research before going on a dolphin watching tour and ask the skipper about their ethical practices and their policy towards approaching different dolphin species. Good quality, responsible dolphin watching tours will have an expert on-board so the focus is on education rather than chasing for a photograph. Always report any bad practices, such as chasing dolphins, not slowing down, and feeding dolphins, to your tour operator or via social media or online review sites. Itís the best way you can help to make a difference.
Responsible tourism tips
More about Bali
The best time to visit Bali depends on whether youíre adverse to a spot of tropical rain in the afternoon or if you prefer a dip in the ocean to cool off during a day at the beach.
As our Bali travel guide sets out to explain, there's plenty of this idyllic Indonesian island to go round with Aussie surfers, cultural adventurers and underwater explorers all finding their own pocket of perfection, just the way they like it.
Discover how to make the most of your time on Bali by checking out our interactive Bali map & highlights guide which features some of the islandís off the beaten track locations including Bali Barat National Park and the rural villages situated north of Ubud, within the central highlands.
Bali holidays offer much more than just beautiful beaches, although theyíre a good place to start, and if youíre looking to snorkel over coral reefs, cycle through rice terraces or stay with a family on a volcanic mountain slope, then right here is how you find out how to do just that.
Thereís no getting away from it - Baliís beaches are bountiful which is why this entire page is dedicated to the best beaches for sunsets, surfing and snorkelling.
Bali holidays for solo travellers are the bridge between independent and group travel, welcoming you into a group of travellers with a similarly free-thinking attitude.
Find out how to get around Bali, what to pack and where & what to eat as you read advice and tips from our friends in Bali and take the time to travel safely in Bali after checking out our health & safety travel guide containing everything from mosquitoes to metered taxis.