Rethink your travel bucket list for 2018 - Top travel trends

One thing we've learned over the years at Responsible Travel is that some of the biggest 'bucket list' travel experiences are, in fact, totally overrated. So we've emptied our travel bucket list and refilled it with experiences that are not just enjoyable, but ethical. Read on to find out more about 2018’s top travel trends – what people are adding on to their bucket lists, and what they are removing.

1. Take a small ship cruise
Cruise ship
Cruise ship. Photo by Gary Bembridge.
The Death Star of tourism, giant cruise ships glide across the world's oceans leaving destruction in their wake at sea, on land… and even on board. Norovirus outbreaks are not uncommon on these ships, and the confines conditions mean the disease spreads rapidly, often spreading to hundreds of passengers within a few days.

The environmental outlook is even scarier. Per passenger mile, giant cruise ships actually emit more CO2 than aircraft, and generate over four times as much rubbish as land travellers. They damage reefs and cause air pollution. Other weapons in the cruise ship arsenal include the hideously long, low paid hours worked by staff (there's no labour law out at sea!) and the lack of local benefits in the countries they visit (often only docking at exclusive ports, where money spent goes straight back to the cruise line). Needless to say, we are not fans.

However, before you cross cruising off your bucket list, take a look at our responsible small ship cruising holidays. Polar expeditions, sailing ships and wildlife cruises are just some of our planet - and passenger - friendly options.

2. Alternative winter holidays
On the face of it, downhill skiing is a wonderful way to enjoy icy landscapes and keep fit. However, this hobby is a lot more damaging than many people realise, especially when you throw climate change into the mix plus peak demand for skiing holidays during the Christmas and Easter breaks, which fall right at either end of the ski season. Unpredictable snowfall, particularly at lower altitudes, means that resorts are increasingly dependent on artificial snow to lengthen the ski season. Snow cannons require vast amounts of energy and fresh water, and the fake snow subsequently leaches chemicals into the ground as it melts. Add to this the need for infrastructure in these supposedly wild places – from accommodation and roads to hotels and restaurants – along with the necessary deforestation, and they start to look rather disastrous for these supposedly pristine mountain landscapes.

Fortunately, we have seen a trend towards much more responsible and – we believe – more adventurous winter holidays. Snow shoeing, cross country skiing and ski touring holidays are all on the up. These take you to destinations empty of mass tourism, across genuinely snowy wildernesses in the Alps, Albania and Lapland, and gently immerse you in these gorgeous, natural landscapes as well as the local cultures that thrive in these chilly regions. What’s more, you might spot the Northern Lights as the sun sets.

3. Getting off the beaten track
Crowds at Venice
Crowds at Venice. Photo by David Bolton.
A buzzword for 2017 has been “over tourism”. As tourists flock in their thousands to once pretty cities and coastlines, there is brutal competition for hotel rooms, restaurants and sun beds. However, at least tourists can choose to head elsewhere; local residents are not so lucky. High prices are pushing tenants out of Venice; Dubrovnik’s residents see the streets of their city clog with daily cruise ship arrivals, and inhabitants of the Isle of Skye can’t drive to the shops as tour vehicles block the single track roads. Even in Cuba, rationed food items are disappearing from the shelves as tourism swells.

With over tourism now making national headlines, more people are deciding this sounds less “dream holiday”, more nightmare. Off the beaten track destinations will be the places to seek out in 2018; you can still head to Catalonia, but explore the Pyrenees and Girona rather than Barcelona, for example. Another way to avoid the crush is to travel out of season; Mediterranean destinations such as Croatia’s islands are far lovelier in spring and autumn, with perfect temperatures for walking. And islanders will be far more welcoming at a time of year when they feel like they are being visited, not invaded.

4. Dump Trump & visit Canada
The USA is undergoing a double tourism hammering of a strong dollar plus the international PR nightmare that is President Trump. Prices are soaring for UK travellers and the so-called “Muslim ban” caused an instant and very significant drop in arrivals. Yet despite a similarly strong currency in Canada, along with long journey times from Europe and the risk of jetlag, tourists are still arriving, implying that there may be many ethical reasons for people staying away from the States, as some tourists choose to boycott the country following Trump’s arguably Islamophobic, misogynistic and racist outbursts.

Indeed, Canada has much to rival its blustering southern neighbour, with polar and brown bears, whales, orcas and wolves. Its extraordinary landscapes span the Rocky Mountains, the dramatically fragmented coastlines of British Columbia and Newfoundland, and the indigenous territories beyond the Arctic Circle. Take boat rides out to see humpbacks and sea otters, enjoy an expedition cruise along the once inaccessible Northwest Passage – and send a very subtle message to the south as you do so.

5. See wild elephants
Elephant riding
Elephant riding. Photo by e900.
Plodding through the jungle on top of a powerful pachyderm is the dream of many an animal lover. However, after speaking to a number of sanctuaries and wildlife groups, we learned that riding an elephant on your holiday is not only harmful to the elephant itself, but it endangers wild populations. Elephant charities have actually compared it with poaching and the ivory trade in terms of the devastating impacts.

Happily, that doesn't mean you have to cut elephants out of your holiday. There are a number of excellent sanctuaries looking after rescued and orphaned elephants, many as a result of the trade in elephants for trekking. And of course, seeing them in the wild not only supports the elephants - it also contributes to the conservation of their habitat. Check out our guide to elephant holidays for more jumbo holiday ideas.

6. See wild dolphins & orcas
Documentaries including Blackfish and The Cove have exposed the ghastly backstage action that goes into capturing orcas and dolphins and getting them to perform – from wailing mothers separated from their babies to keepers being injured and even killed. The campaigns had almost instant results, as SeaWorld attendance dropped by over 350,000 in the first half of 2017 compared with the same period in 2016. SeaWorld have pledged not to breed any more orcas in captivity, share prices have plummeted, hundreds of jobs have been terminated and the business is now believed to be up for sale. But as the tide turns against this form of entertainment, don't go thinking you have to cross cetaceans off your travel bucket list.

Say NO to the circus and go and see these incredible creatures in the wild. Watch them from a boat, learn from local experts and maybe even join them for a swim. Some tours even get you monitoring behaviour as you go, meaning you are contributing directly to research and conservation. See our Dolphin watching and swimming guide for more ideas.

7. Volunteer in a different kind of orphanage
Orphan children
Orphan children. Photo by Tracy Hunter.
What could possibly be wrong with volunteering in a Cambodian orphanage? Well for a start, the majority of kids there may not be orphans...

Our orphanage campaign revealed to us the horrifying secrets of the "orphan trade", such as the Cambodian city with 100,000 people, and 35 orphanages. Families are scammed into handing over their children to a place they think they will have a better life, and well-meaning travellers are scammed into paying the owners to volunteer there. And for genuinely vulnerable children, a high volunteer turnover means they form bonds with carers before being separated again, and again.

But don't cross "giving something back" off your to do list just yet; our volunteer holidays cover everything from teaching and tree planting to working on water projects. And if you're still keen to work with orphans, why not look into helping out at an orangutan orphanage?

8. Take a walking safari
Starring in your own remake of Born Free may be high on your travel bucket list, but sadly the story of most captive lion cubs does not end as happily as Elsa's.

There are numerous places offering the opportunity to hug a cub or walk with a juvenile lion, but a little investigation reveals what happens when these cute youngsters grow inconvenient teeth and claws. Habituated creatures can't be released into the wild, so one option is to sell them on to "canned hunting" reserves where hunters pay big bucks to shoot adult lions in enclosures. It's a dirty secret that the industry is keen to keep from tourists, but at Responsible Travel, we're more than happy to roar about it.

If you want to walk with animals in the wild and contribute to their conservation, a walking safari is the way to go, as the thrill of encountering wild rhinos, elephants and lions on foot more than makes up for not being able to hug them.

9. Genuine tribal encounters
Tribal encounters in Omo Valley, Ethiopia
Tribal encounters in Omo Valley, Ethiopia. Photo by Richard Mortel.
We're all for cultural interaction, but when culture becomes a commodity, it can end up being degrading for local communities, exploitative for tourists and generally an uncomfortable experience all round. “Tribal encounters” can turn out to be little more than human safaris, most notoriously in the Andaman Islands where Jarawa tribespeople have been made to dance while tourists threw them bananas from jeeps. There are fake Maasai encounters in Kenya, “pygmy experiences” in Uganda, and in Ethiopia’s Omo Valley, ancient rituals, once carried out to mark special occasions, are performed on demand to please tourists while photographs are exchanged for money.

Fortunately, both tourists and tribes are wising up and demanding a fairer experience for everyone, and there is no shortage of cultural encounters which genuinely benefit all involved, from homestays and craft workshops to cooking lessons and dance performances. You can meet the Himba of Namibia, the Aymara of Bolivia or the hill tribes of northern Thailand – see our cultural tours for inspiration.

10. Watch whales, don't eat them
You'll see whale meat on the menu in Norway and Iceland, and locals cling to this as a "tradition" – seeing any ban as a dismissal of their culture. However, whale hunting has been condemned by the international community, on both conservation and humane grounds. Interestingly, it's worth noting that despite the claims of tradition, most whale meat actually ends up on the plates of tourists. If we all shunned it – and any restaurants featuring it on their menus – we wonder how long this "tradition" would continue.

Even better, book a whale watching tour and prove that these incredible creatures are worth far more alive than dead. For a real bucket list challenge you can even swim with humpbacks in Tonga!

11. Climb for communities
Descending Ben Nevis
Descending Ben Nevis. Photo by Colin Gregory.
Here's something that you might think wins you a few travel Brownie points – climbing Ben Nevis, Scafell Pike and Snowdon in 24 hours for charity. So we were surprised to learn from some of our suppliers that this high-speed climb actually creates serious problems of its own: erosion, litter, noise and disruption.

Even worse, it adds strain to charities that manage these sites or have to assist climbers, and it's unlikely these organisations will be the recipients of the thousands of pounds raised. Nor will the local communities, as the 24-hour nature of the challenge means that bed and board are not required, nor are pub lunches or market browses.

Fancy a real challenge? Take a look at our very challenging trekking holidays, from the Himalaya to the Andes. You can stay in local accommodation along the way and support communities by purchasing food and souvenirs from local businesses - a fun way to “fundraise”.

12. Don't create a bucket list!
One more thing we'd scratch off our bucket list is... Bucket Lists. Rather than just ticking off the "big experiences" desired by thousands of other travellers, why not create your own adventure wishlist, with activities like training to be a warrior in Mongolia, staying in an Andalucian yurt or learning traditional craft skills in Scotland. Unusual holidays top our list every time.

Written by Vicki Brown
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